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University of Pittsburgh researchers recently received another $1.5 million from the National Science Foundation to continue a combined multi-university, private-industry effort to develop implantable medical devices made from biodegradable metals. [...]
Thu, Oct 23, 2014
Source: Cybernetics News
Ford sedans will soon come with a system that brakes if you’re about to hit a pedestrian.Ford is giving its cars the ability to spot—and avoid hitting—pedestrians using a combination of radar and camera sensing. The system will appear in Europe next year on Ford’s Mondeo sedan. [...]
Thu, Oct 23, 2014
Source: MIT Tech Review - Computing
The competition between Cisco, VMware, and EMC on the networking, cloud, and storage fronts heats up, with the joint venture VCE becoming an EMC business. [...]
Wed, Oct 22, 2014
Source: Network Computing
A security startup called Illumio launching today has already signed up Yahoo and other large companies that need new ways to protect their data centers.As corporations plow more data and money into cloud computing, criminals are following, and their digital hauls are getting bigger. This summer, for example, JPMorgan said that the accounts of 76 million U.S. households and seven million businesses had been accessed without authorization. [...]
Wed, Oct 22, 2014
Source: MIT Tech Review - Computing
Unified communications and collaboration projects fall flat when companies don't understand needs or consult with their employees. Get the facts and figures from Softchoice's UC study. [...]
Wed, Oct 22, 2014
Source: Network Computing
All-fiber networks provide virtually unlimited bandwidth, but fiber-to-the-home services aren't available in many areas, leaving many people without the high-speed broadband needed for today's applications. [...]
Wed, Oct 22, 2014
Source: Network Computing
The inventor of Second Life has spent 15 years chasing the dream of living in virtual space. Can his new company finally give virtual worlds mass-market appeal?Philip Rosedale is telling me about his new company, but I can’t stop myself from looking down at my hands. With palms up, I watch with fascination as I slowly wiggle my fingers and form the “OK” sign. I curl my hands into fists as I reach my arms out in front. They look pinker than normal but work as usual. When I look back up at Rosedale, he’s wearing a smile, and his [...]
Wed, Oct 22, 2014
Source: MIT Tech Review - Computing
Google says using a small USB stick to vouch for your identity is more secure than either a password or conventional two-factor authentication.Opting in to Google’s latest security upgrade requires a spot on your keychain for a device known as a security key. [...]
Tue, Oct 21, 2014
Source: MIT Tech Review - Computing
Backup is often called broken or otherwise denigrated, but our survey showed that it's alive and well. Here's a look at backup practices in the enterprise today. [...]
Tue, Oct 21, 2014
Source: Network Computing
The amazing ability of sidewinder snakes to quickly climb sandy slopes was once something biologists only vaguely understood and roboticists only dreamed of replicating. By studying the snakes in a unique bed of inclined sand and using a snake-like robot to test ideas spawned by observing the real animals, both biologists and roboticists have now gained long-sought insights. [...]
Fri, Oct 17, 2014
Source: Cybernetics News
UT Arlington researchers have been awarded a $744,300 grant from the Department of Defense Peer Reviewed Orthapaedic Research Program to create an adaptive interface that fits between a prosthetic and a patient's limb so that the fit and comfort of the prosthetic are improved. [...]
Thu, Oct 16, 2014
Source: Cybernetics News
For the first time, robotic prostheses controlled via implanted neuromuscular interfaces have become a clinical reality. A novel osseointegrated (bone-anchored) implant system gives patients new opportunities in their daily life and professional activities. [...]
Wed, Oct 15, 2014
Source: Cybernetics News
09-26-2014NASA's Cold Atom Laboratory mission has succeeded in producing a state of matter known as a Bose-Einstein condensate, a key breakthrough for the instrument. [...]
Fri, Sep 26, 2014
Source: JPL / NASA News
09-04-2014Winners of the annual 2014 Postdoc Research Day gave seminars on their research and were presented with plaques to commemorate the event. [...]
Thu, Sep 04, 2014
Source: JPL / NASA News
VMware's Virtual SAN 1.0 combines easy setup and management with high availability and high performance -- and freedom from traditional storage systems [...]
Wed, Aug 20, 2014
Source: Computerworld RSS
AMD said Tuesday that it will sell three 2.5-inch SSDs manufactured by enthusiast house OCZ, allowing AMD to offer high-speed storage alongside microprocessors and graphics chips. [...]
Tue, Aug 19, 2014
Source: Computerworld RSS
Small businesses are growing up when it comes to data, investing in bigger and smarter storage systems that can be shared among PCs, tablets and smartphones. [...]
Fri, Aug 15, 2014
Source: Computerworld RSS
08-14-2014Origami has been a hot topic in technology recently. Brian Trease at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory has been thinking about how it could be used in spacecraft. [...]
Thu, Aug 14, 2014
Source: JPL / NASA News
Dell is organizing the backup software products that it has acquired in the past two years into a coherent portfolio, bundling three of its storage software products into a single package to simplify licensing for the enterprise. [...]
Tue, Aug 12, 2014
Source: Computerworld RSS
08-06-2014Five technology proposals, including one from JPL, have been selected for continued study under the NASA Innovative Advanced Concepts (NIAC) Program. [...]
Wed, Aug 06, 2014
Source: JPL / NASA News

Internet Protocol Cybernetic Organism

Cyborg

A cyborg, short for “cybernetic organism“, is a being with both organic and artificial parts. See for example biomaterials and bioelectronics. The term was coined in 1960 when Manfred Clynes and Nathan S. Kline used it in an article about the advantages of self-regulating human-machine systems in outer space.[1] D. S. Halacy’s Cyborg: Evolution of the Superman in 1965 featured an introduction which spoke of a “new frontier” that was “not merely space, but more profoundly the relationship between ‘inner space’ to ‘outer space’ – a bridge…between mind and matter.”

The beginning of Cyborg creation began when HCI (human-computer interaction) began. There is a clear distinction between the human and computerized technology in HCI, which differs from cyborgs in that cyborgs act out human functions.

The term cyborg is often applied to an organism that has enhanced abilities due to technology,[3] though this perhaps oversimplifies the necessity of feedback for regulating the subsystem. The more strict definition of Cyborg is almost always considered as increasing or enhancing normal capabilities. While cyborgs are commonly thought of as mammals, they might also conceivably be any kind of organism and the term “Cybernetic organism” has been applied to networks, such as road systems, corporations and governments, which have been classed as such. The term can also apply to micro-organisms which are modified to perform at higher levels than their unmodified counterparts. It is hypothesized that cyborg technology will form a part of the future human evolution.

Fictional cyborgs are portrayed as a synthesis of organic and synthetic parts, and frequently pose the question of difference between human and machine as one concerned with morality, free will, and empathy. Fictional cyborgs may be represented as visibly mechanical (e.g. the Cybermen in the Doctor Who franchise or The Borg from Star Trek); or as almost indistinguishable from humans (e.g. the Terminators from the Terminator films, the “Human” Cylons from the re-imagining of Battlestar Galactica etc.) The 1970s television series The Six Million Dollar Man featured one of the most famous fictional cyborgs, referred to as a bionic man; the series was based upon a novel by Martin Caidin entitled Cyborg. Cyborgs in fiction often play up a human contempt for over-dependence on technology, particularly when used for war, and when used in ways that seem to threaten free will. Cyborgs are also often portrayed with physical or mental abilities far exceeding a human counterpart (military forms may have inbuilt weapons, among other things).

 

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