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A roundup of the most interesting stories from other sites, collected by the staff at MIT Technology Review.This Article Was Written with the Help of a ‘Cyber’ Machine The prefix “cyber” is sorely overused, but what’s the alternative? —Nanette Byrnes, senior editor, Business Reports [...]
Thu, Mar 05, 2015
Source: MIT Tech Review - Computing
Beyond the U.S., many ISPs have less of a grip on their communications markets.U.S. regulators have been attempting to deal with the negative affect that a few large Internet providers might have on competition. Meanwhile, elsewhere in the world, new mobile technologies have been encouraging competition. [...]
Thu, Mar 05, 2015
Source: MIT Tech Review - Computing
The hybrid cloud model helps address security and compliance issues, but there are still a lot of challenges, including cloud encryption. [...]
Thu, Mar 05, 2015
Source: Network Computing
Today's mobile workers have unique technology requirements that enterprises must consider in their unified communications deployments. [...]
Thu, Mar 05, 2015
Source: Network Computing
Tom Wheeler says the FCC's new rules for Internet service providers don't impose utility-like regulation. [...]
Wed, Mar 04, 2015
Source: Network Computing
Researchers from a university and Google demonstrate a crucial error-correction step needed to make quantum computing practical.A solution to one of the key problems holding back the development of quantum computers has been demonstrated by researchers at Google and the University of California, Santa Barbara. Many more problems remain to be solved, but experts in the field say it is an important step toward a fully functional quantum computer. Such a machine could perform calculations that would take a conventional computer millions of years to complete. [...]
Wed, Mar 04, 2015
Source: MIT Tech Review - Computing
Identifying data breaches in progress and distinguishing false positives from real security attacks requires effective network forensics software. [...]
Wed, Mar 04, 2015
Source: Network Computing
What kind of return on investment (ROI) can companies expect from switching from traditional disk storage to all-flash arrays (AFAs)? Let the numbers answer that question. [...]
Tue, Mar 03, 2015
Source: MIT Tech Review - Computing
02-26-2015A new study of Earth's ionosphere, a part of the upper atmosphere, could have applications for better GPS communications. [...]
Thu, Feb 26, 2015
Source: JPL / NASA News
02-11-2015Two JPL researchers have been elected to the National Academy of Engineering, the highest professional distinction for engineers. [...]
Wed, Feb 11, 2015
Source: JPL / NASA News
02-05-2015NASA is part of a major field campaign studying intense atmospheric river storms from the ocean, land, air and space [...]
Thu, Feb 05, 2015
Source: JPL / NASA News
01-22-2015A proposed helicopter could triple the distances that Mars rovers can drive in a Martian day and help pinpoint interesting targets for study. [...]
Thu, Jan 22, 2015
Source: JPL / NASA News
A paralyzed woman who controlled a robotic arm using just her thoughts has taken another step towards restoring her natural movements by controlling the arm with a range of complex hand movements. [...]
Sun, Dec 21, 2014
Source: Cybernetics News
In another demonstration that brain-computer interface technology has the potential to improve the function and quality of life of those unable to use their own arms, a woman with quadriplegia shaped the almost human hand of a robot arm with just her thoughts to pick up big and small boxes, a ball, an oddly shaped rock, and fat and skinny tubes. [...]
Sat, Dec 20, 2014
Source: Cybernetics News
A research team at Bielefeld University has succeeded in teaching the only robot of its kind in the world how to walk. Its first steps have been recorded in a video. You can watch them in Bielefeld University's latest posting on 'research_tv'. The robot is called Hector, and its construction is modeled on a stick insect. [...]
Fri, Dec 19, 2014
Source: Cybernetics News
University of California Berkeley researchers have created a pulse oximeter, commonly used to measure heart rate and blood oxygen levels, using all organic materials instead of silicon. The advance could lead to cheap, flexible sensors that could be used like a Band-Aid. [...]
Thu, Dec 18, 2014
Source: Cybernetics News
VMware's Virtual SAN 1.0 combines easy setup and management with high availability and high performance -- and freedom from traditional storage systems [...]
Wed, Aug 20, 2014
Source: Computerworld RSS
AMD said Tuesday that it will sell three 2.5-inch SSDs manufactured by enthusiast house OCZ, allowing AMD to offer high-speed storage alongside microprocessors and graphics chips. [...]
Tue, Aug 19, 2014
Source: Computerworld RSS
Small businesses are growing up when it comes to data, investing in bigger and smarter storage systems that can be shared among PCs, tablets and smartphones. [...]
Fri, Aug 15, 2014
Source: Computerworld RSS
Dell is organizing the backup software products that it has acquired in the past two years into a coherent portfolio, bundling three of its storage software products into a single package to simplify licensing for the enterprise. [...]
Tue, Aug 12, 2014
Source: Computerworld RSS

Internet Protocol Cybernetic Organism

Cyborg

A cyborg, short for “cybernetic organism“, is a being with both organic and artificial parts. See for example biomaterials and bioelectronics. The term was coined in 1960 when Manfred Clynes and Nathan S. Kline used it in an article about the advantages of self-regulating human-machine systems in outer space.[1] D. S. Halacy’s Cyborg: Evolution of the Superman in 1965 featured an introduction which spoke of a “new frontier” that was “not merely space, but more profoundly the relationship between ‘inner space’ to ‘outer space’ – a bridge…between mind and matter.”

The beginning of Cyborg creation began when HCI (human-computer interaction) began. There is a clear distinction between the human and computerized technology in HCI, which differs from cyborgs in that cyborgs act out human functions.

The term cyborg is often applied to an organism that has enhanced abilities due to technology,[3] though this perhaps oversimplifies the necessity of feedback for regulating the subsystem. The more strict definition of Cyborg is almost always considered as increasing or enhancing normal capabilities. While cyborgs are commonly thought of as mammals, they might also conceivably be any kind of organism and the term “Cybernetic organism” has been applied to networks, such as road systems, corporations and governments, which have been classed as such. The term can also apply to micro-organisms which are modified to perform at higher levels than their unmodified counterparts. It is hypothesized that cyborg technology will form a part of the future human evolution.

Fictional cyborgs are portrayed as a synthesis of organic and synthetic parts, and frequently pose the question of difference between human and machine as one concerned with morality, free will, and empathy. Fictional cyborgs may be represented as visibly mechanical (e.g. the Cybermen in the Doctor Who franchise or The Borg from Star Trek); or as almost indistinguishable from humans (e.g. the Terminators from the Terminator films, the “Human” Cylons from the re-imagining of Battlestar Galactica etc.) The 1970s television series The Six Million Dollar Man featured one of the most famous fictional cyborgs, referred to as a bionic man; the series was based upon a novel by Martin Caidin entitled Cyborg. Cyborgs in fiction often play up a human contempt for over-dependence on technology, particularly when used for war, and when used in ways that seem to threaten free will. Cyborgs are also often portrayed with physical or mental abilities far exceeding a human counterpart (military forms may have inbuilt weapons, among other things).

 

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