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A roundup of the most interesting stories from other sites, collected by the staff at MIT Technology Review.FBI Admits Flaws in Hair Analysis Over DecadesFor three decades, an FBI forensic lab used flawed scientific analysis of hair samples to help prosecutors. Roughly 2,500 cases are now being reviewed.—Tom Simonite, San Francisco bureau chief [...]
Fri, Apr 24, 2015
Source: MIT Tech Review - Computing
The business expects more from IT than back-end support. Today's IT teams are expected to help drive business. Here's how to do it. [...]
Fri, Apr 24, 2015
Source: Network Computing
Another chance to catch the most interesting, and important, articles from the previous week on MIT Technology Review. [...]
Fri, Apr 24, 2015
Source: MIT Tech Review - Computing
Privacy bosses at Google and Facebook say letting the U.S. government unlock encrypted customer data would make law enforcement less accountable.Privacy bosses at both Facebook and Google said Wednesday that U.S. government efforts to find ways to pierce encryption technology could undermine users’ rights and make law enforcement less accountable for its actions. [...]
Thu, Apr 23, 2015
Source: MIT Tech Review - Computing
Ethernet has overcome the problems that prevented converged compute and storage networks, speeding the demise of Fibre Channel. [...]
Thu, Apr 23, 2015
Source: Network Computing
You can't just 'turn on' IPv6. Successful IPv6 deployment requires taking time to learn about the Internet protocol, work with it in a lab, and thorough testing. [...]
Thu, Apr 23, 2015
Source: Network Computing
A startup has a smartphone-assisted gadget that can determine your glasses prescription, with help from a remote optometrist.Your next eye exam could be done with gadgets that connect to a smartphone and fit into a small suitcase—and there may not be a doctor or optometrist in the room. [...]
Wed, Apr 22, 2015
Source: MIT Tech Review - Computing
Here are some strategies for avoiding network bottlenecks with the increased use of cloud services. [...]
Wed, Apr 22, 2015
Source: Network Computing
04-15-2015Space telescopes may one day make use of glitter-like materials to help take images of new worlds, according to JPL researchers. [...]
Wed, Apr 15, 2015
Source: JPL / NASA News
04-08-2015NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, California, has licensed patents on high-temperature thermoelectric materials to Evident Technologies, Troy, New York, which provides these kinds of materials and related power systems. [...]
Wed, Apr 08, 2015
Source: JPL / NASA News
03-19-2015Satellite observations provide a new and more accurate way to assess where underground water in northern Italy is most at risk from pollutants. [...]
Thu, Mar 19, 2015
Source: JPL / NASA News
03-18-2015The ADAPT test system can help a spacecraft divert its course and make a smooth, pinpoint landing. Two technology demonstration test flights were completed in California in 2014. [...]
Wed, Mar 18, 2015
Source: JPL / NASA News
A paralyzed woman who controlled a robotic arm using just her thoughts has taken another step towards restoring her natural movements by controlling the arm with a range of complex hand movements. [...]
Sun, Dec 21, 2014
Source: Cybernetics News
In another demonstration that brain-computer interface technology has the potential to improve the function and quality of life of those unable to use their own arms, a woman with quadriplegia shaped the almost human hand of a robot arm with just her thoughts to pick up big and small boxes, a ball, an oddly shaped rock, and fat and skinny tubes. [...]
Sat, Dec 20, 2014
Source: Cybernetics News
A research team at Bielefeld University has succeeded in teaching the only robot of its kind in the world how to walk. Its first steps have been recorded in a video. You can watch them in Bielefeld University's latest posting on 'research_tv'. The robot is called Hector, and its construction is modeled on a stick insect. [...]
Fri, Dec 19, 2014
Source: Cybernetics News
University of California Berkeley researchers have created a pulse oximeter, commonly used to measure heart rate and blood oxygen levels, using all organic materials instead of silicon. The advance could lead to cheap, flexible sensors that could be used like a Band-Aid. [...]
Thu, Dec 18, 2014
Source: Cybernetics News
VMware's Virtual SAN 1.0 combines easy setup and management with high availability and high performance -- and freedom from traditional storage systems [...]
Wed, Aug 20, 2014
Source: Computerworld RSS
AMD said Tuesday that it will sell three 2.5-inch SSDs manufactured by enthusiast house OCZ, allowing AMD to offer high-speed storage alongside microprocessors and graphics chips. [...]
Tue, Aug 19, 2014
Source: Computerworld RSS
Small businesses are growing up when it comes to data, investing in bigger and smarter storage systems that can be shared among PCs, tablets and smartphones. [...]
Fri, Aug 15, 2014
Source: Computerworld RSS
Dell is organizing the backup software products that it has acquired in the past two years into a coherent portfolio, bundling three of its storage software products into a single package to simplify licensing for the enterprise. [...]
Tue, Aug 12, 2014
Source: Computerworld RSS

Internet Protocol Cybernetic Organism

Cyborg

A cyborg, short for “cybernetic organism“, is a being with both organic and artificial parts. See for example biomaterials and bioelectronics. The term was coined in 1960 when Manfred Clynes and Nathan S. Kline used it in an article about the advantages of self-regulating human-machine systems in outer space.[1] D. S. Halacy’s Cyborg: Evolution of the Superman in 1965 featured an introduction which spoke of a “new frontier” that was “not merely space, but more profoundly the relationship between ‘inner space’ to ‘outer space’ – a bridge…between mind and matter.”

The beginning of Cyborg creation began when HCI (human-computer interaction) began. There is a clear distinction between the human and computerized technology in HCI, which differs from cyborgs in that cyborgs act out human functions.

The term cyborg is often applied to an organism that has enhanced abilities due to technology,[3] though this perhaps oversimplifies the necessity of feedback for regulating the subsystem. The more strict definition of Cyborg is almost always considered as increasing or enhancing normal capabilities. While cyborgs are commonly thought of as mammals, they might also conceivably be any kind of organism and the term “Cybernetic organism” has been applied to networks, such as road systems, corporations and governments, which have been classed as such. The term can also apply to micro-organisms which are modified to perform at higher levels than their unmodified counterparts. It is hypothesized that cyborg technology will form a part of the future human evolution.

Fictional cyborgs are portrayed as a synthesis of organic and synthetic parts, and frequently pose the question of difference between human and machine as one concerned with morality, free will, and empathy. Fictional cyborgs may be represented as visibly mechanical (e.g. the Cybermen in the Doctor Who franchise or The Borg from Star Trek); or as almost indistinguishable from humans (e.g. the Terminators from the Terminator films, the “Human” Cylons from the re-imagining of Battlestar Galactica etc.) The 1970s television series The Six Million Dollar Man featured one of the most famous fictional cyborgs, referred to as a bionic man; the series was based upon a novel by Martin Caidin entitled Cyborg. Cyborgs in fiction often play up a human contempt for over-dependence on technology, particularly when used for war, and when used in ways that seem to threaten free will. Cyborgs are also often portrayed with physical or mental abilities far exceeding a human counterpart (military forms may have inbuilt weapons, among other things).

 

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